Street Fighter

street_fighter_ii_snes_hadokenStreet Fighter made its debut in the arcades in 1987. It was designed by Takashi Nishiyama and Hiroshi Matsumoto. The player took control of lone martial artist Ryu, who competed in a worldwide martial arts tournament, spanning five countries and ten opponents. A second player could join in at any time and take control of Ryu’s rival, Ken.

The player could perform three types of punch and kick attacks (which varied in speed and strength) and three special attacks: the Hadouken, Shoryuken and Tatsumaki Senpuukyaku. These were performed by executing special motions with the controls.

Street Fighter was ported to many popular home computer systems of the time including PC. In 1988, it was released on the NEC Avenue TurboGrafx-CD console under the new name Fighting Street.

Street Fighter was later included in Capcom Classics Collection: Remixed for the PlayStation Portable and Capcom Classics Collection Vol. 2 for the PlayStation 2 and Xbox.

The cast consisted of the two playable characters Ryu and Ken as well as Lee, Geki, Mike, Joe, Retsu, Birdie, Gen, Adon, Eagle, and boss character Sagat. Ryu, Ken, Gen, Birdie, Adon, Eagle, and Sagat all appeared in later games of the series.

Street Fighter II: The World Warrior, released in 1991, was the first true sequel to the original Street Fighter, following an unsuccessful attempt to brand the 1989 fighting action game Final Fight as a Street Fighter sequel, and an officially commissioned spin-off Human Killing Machine on the ZX Spectrum and other home computers[2][3]. It was one of the earliest arcade games for Capcom’s CP System hardware and was designed by Akira Nishitani (Nin-Nin) and Akira Yasuda (Akiman), who were previously responsible for Final Fight and Forgotten Worlds. The release of the game had an unexpected impact on gaming and was the beginning of a massive phenomenon.

Street Fighter II was the first one-on-one fighting game to give players a choice from a variety of player characters with different moves, an option which created hitherto unknown levels of depth and replay value for an arcade game. Each player character had a fighting style with approximately 30 or more moves (including previously nonexistent grappling moves such as throws) as well as two or three special attacks per character.

In the single-player mode, the player’s chosen character is pitted sequentially against the seven other main characters before confronting the final four ‘boss’ opponents, who were CPU-controlled characters not selectable by the player.

As in the original, a second player could join in at any point during single player mode and compete against the other player in competitive matches, with the multiple available characters allowing for more varied matches.

Street Fighter II proved to be popular due to all these factors, eclipsing its predecessor in popularity, eventually turning Street Fighter into a multimedia franchise.[4]

The first official update to the series was Street Fighter II’ – Champion Edition (pronounced Street Fighter II Dash in Japan, as noted by the prime notation on the logo), which allowed players to play as the Four Devas (the computer-controlled boss characters) and also allowed two players to choose the same character (with one character drawn in an alternate color pattern). The game also featured slightly improved graphics (including differently colored backgrounds) and refined gameplay. A second upgrade, titled Street Fighter II’ – Hyper Fighting (or Street Fighter II Dash Turbo in Japan), was produced in response to the various bootleg editions of the game. Hyper Fighting offered faster gameplay than its predecessors, different character colors and new special techniques (such as Chun-Li’s Kikoken or Dhalsim’s Yoga Teleport).

Super Street Fighter II, the third revision, gave the game a complete graphical and musical overhaul and introduced four new playable characters (Cammy, Fei Long, Dee Jay and T.Hawk). Super gave the characters from previous games new frames of animations (such as giving actual jumping punches for Vega and Sagat), new special moves (such as Bison’s Devil’s Reverse and Ryu’s Shakunetsu Hadoken), and improvements or changes to previously existing special moves (such as Ken’s Shoryuken or Chun-Li’s Kikoken). It was also the first game for Capcom’s CP System II arcade hardware. The fifth and final arcade installment, Super Street Fighter II Turbo (Super Street Fighter II X in Japan) brought back the faster gameplay of Hyper Fighting, a new type of special techniques known as “Super Combos” and a hidden character Akuma.

Numerous home versions of the Street Fighter II games have been produced following the original game. The original Street Fighter II was ported to the Super Nintendo Entertainment System in 1992. As of 2008, the original SNES game is still Capcom’s best selling game.[5] It was followed by a Japanese-only version of Street Fighter II Dash for the PC Engine in 1993. Hyper Fighting received two different home versions as well in 1993, an SNES version titled Street Fighter II Turbo, and a Sega Genesis counterpart titled Street Fighter II’ – Special Champion Edition (Street Fighter II Dash Plus in Japan). The following game, Super Street Fighter II, was also ported to the SNES and Genesis in 1994. During that same year, Super Street Fighter II Turbo was later released for the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, and also a PC version for Windows, by the now defunct Gametek was released.

In 1997, Capcom released the Street Fighter Collection for the PlayStation and Sega Saturn, a compilation which includes Super and Super Turbo, as well as the newer Street Fighter Alpha 2 Gold. It was followed by Street Fighter Collection 2 (Capcom Generation Vol. 5 in Japan), also released for the PlayStation and Saturn, which includes the original Street Fighter II, Champion Edition, and Hyper Fighting. In 2000, Capcom released Super Street Fighter II X for Matching Service in Japan for the Dreamcast, a version of the game which featured an online two-player versus mode. In 2003, Capcom released Hyper Street Fighter II for the arcades in Japan and Asia to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the series, a hybrid version of Super Turbo which allows player to select between versions of characters from all five previous Street Fighter II games. Hyper was released its North America and the PAL region via its ports for the PlayStation 2 and the Xbox (released as part of the Street Fighter Anniversary Collection along with Street Fighter III 3rd Strike). In 2005, the three games in Street Fighter Collection 2 were included Capcom Classics Collection Vol. 1 for PlayStation 2 and Xbox. A version of Super Turbo (along with the original Street Fighter) was later included in the 2007 compilation Capcom Classics Collection Vol. 2, also released for the PS2 and Xbox.

An updated version of Super Street Fighter II Turbo came to the PlayStation Network and Xbox Live Arcade service in November 2008.[6] The game, titled Super Street Fighter II Turbo HD Remix, has fully redrawn artwork, including HD sprites 4.5x the original size, done by artists from UDON. This is the first time the Street Fighter characters will have new sprites, drawn by Capcom, since Capcom vs. SNK 2 in 2001. The game has several changes which address character balancing issues, but also features the original arcade version gameplay so that players can choose between the two.[7]

Street Fighter II and Super Street Fighter II are also available as downloadable games for select cellular phone services.

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Apa sih RPG itu….

RPG atau Role-Playing Game adalah sebuah permainan di mana para pemain memainkan peran tokoh-tokoh khayalan dan berkolaborasi untuk merajut sebuah cerita bersama. Para pemain memilih aksi tokok-tokoh mereka berdasarkan karakteristik tokoh tersebut, dan keberhasilan aksi mereka tergantung dari sistem peraturan permainan yang telah ditentukan. Asal tetap mengikuti peraturan yang ditetapkan, para pemain bisa berimprovisasi membentuk arah dan hasil akhir permainan ini.

Dalam sebuah permainan RPG, jarang ada yang “kalah” atau “menang”. Ini membuat permain RPG berbeda dari jenis permainan papan lainnya seperti Monopoli atau Ular Tangga, permainan kartu, olah raga, dan permainan lainnya. Seperti sebuah novel atau film, permainan RPG mempunyai daya tarik karena permainan-permainan ini mengajak para pemain untuk menggunakan imajinasi mereka. RPG biasa lebih mengarah ke kolaborasi sosial daripada kompetisi. Pada umumnya dalam RPG, para pemain tergabung dalam satu kelompok.

Permainan RPG rata-rata dimainkan seperti sebuah drama radio: ketika seorang pemain “berbicara”, dia berbicara sebagai tokohnya dan ketika si pemain ingin tokohnya melakukan sesuatu yang fisik (seperti menyerang sebuah monster atau membuka sebuah gembok) dia harus menggambarkannya secara lisan.

Ada pula sejenis permainan RPG di mana para pemain bisa melakukan gerakan fisik tokohnya oleh si pemain sendiri. Ini disebut Live-Action Role-playing atau LARP. Dalam permainan LARP, biasanya para pemain memakai kostum dan mengunakan alat-alat yang sesuai dengan tokoh, dunia dan cerita yang dia mainkan.

Permainan PC yang mengunakan unsur-unsur dan mekanisme permainan RPG disebut sebagai computer role-playing games atau CRPG. Selain di PC, RPG juga banyak diadaptasikan ke mesin-mesin permainan atau konsol, yang disebut console role-playing games, disingkat cRPG. Dengan meningkatnya popularitas RPG elektronik, industri permainan video telah membuat istilah RPG dikenal untuk RPG elektronik saja, dan mengakibatkan munculnya istilah RPG “pen and paper” atau “tabletop” untuk mendeskripsikan RPG tradisional.

Cara bermain

Sebelum memulai sebuah permainan RPG, ada beberapa hal yang harus dipersiapkan. Pertama, para pemain harus memilih sebuah buku peraturan (rulebook) dan, kadang kala, sebuah buku dunia (campaign setting) yang akan mereka gunakan. Tahap ini sangat penting karena buku-buku ini akan menentukan jenis-jenis tokoh yang bisa dimainkan (ksatria, penyihir, mata-mata, ninja, polisi, dan lainnya), kepandaian-kepandaian (skill) yang bisa seseorang gunakan termasuk mantera sihir (spell), peraturan pertempuran dan perincian-perincian dunia khayalan yang akan digunakan (sejarah, geografi, nama raja-raja, negeri-negeri penting, orang-orang penting dan lainnya).

Ada pula buku-buku lain yang bisa digunakan seperti daftar-daftar monster (contohnya adalah “Monster Manual” dari permainan Dungeons & Dragons), buku peraturan tambahan (peraturan pertempuran yang lebih terperinci dan kompleks, mantera-mantera baru, senjata dan jenis tokoh baru), buku-buku dunia yang lebih terperinci (contohnya adalah buku “Silver Marches” dari dunia Forgotten Realms yang menggambarkan sejarah, geografi, politik negeri Silver Marches yang lebih lengkap dari buku dunia Forgotten Realms). Tentunya, buku-buku ini tidak wajib untuk bermain, tapi bisa memberikan detil-detil dalam permainan yang bisa membuat sebuah dunia khayalan lebih menarik atau realistis.grandia

super mario bross

6eb0-super_mario_bros_figure

Super Mario Bros. was an influential and groundbreaking game created by Nintendo and released on the NES. Considered a classic of the medium and making a huge impact in entertainment at the time, Super Mario Bros. featured bright, expansive worlds that changed the way video games were created. Although often wrongly credited as the first scrolling platform game (there are at least a half dozen earlier), it is the first console original in this genre to feature smooth-scrolling levels, which made it a landmark in home video-gaming.

Super Mario Bros. is listed in The Guinness Book of World Records as the best-selling video game of all time, and was largely responsible for the initial success of the Nintendo Entertainment System, as well as ending the two year slump of video game sales in the United States after the video game crash of 1983. It has inspired countless imitators and was one of Shigeru Miyamoto’s most influential early successes. The game starred the Italian plumber Mario and his slightly younger brother Luigi, the former eventually becoming Nintendo’s most well known mascot. The theme music, by Koji Kondo, is recognized world wide, even by those who have not played the game.

The game usually lasts about 3 hours for complete gameplay, without the use of Warp Zones, but it is easily completable in around 10 minutes with the warps.

The ending was probably the most memorable, since it is the main ending and storyline used for most of the Mario games after this one:

1) Bowser kidnaps Princess Peach.
2) Mario must roam the Mushroom Kingdom and defeat Bowser for the last time.
3) Mario saves Peach and gets a kiss.

The game was succeeded by a direct sequel in Japan (later retitled Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels in North America), and by Super Mario Bros. 2, a Mario-themed port of Yume Kojo: Doki Doki Panic, elsewhere in the world.

The player takes the role of Mario, or in the case of a second player, Mario’s brother Luigi. The object is to race through the Mushroom Kingdom, evade or eliminate Bowser’s forces, and save Princess Peach (also called Princess Toadstool). The Mario Brothers’ primary attack is simply jumping on top of (“Stomping”) their enemies, which kills the mushroom traitors (which in Japan are actually chestnuts and not mushrooms), known as Goombas, and sends the turtle soldiers known as Koopa Troopas into their shells. Mario and Luigi can then kick these shells into other enemies, which will conveniently dispatch them; but conversely, kicked shells can bounce back off walls or other vertical obstructions and hit them. Some enemies can be killed only by fireballs or shell impact; stomping them will hurt the Mario Bros. Jumping on enough enemies in succession or kicking a shell into enough enemies in succession (combos) results in double points earned with each enemy killed, eventually earning Mario or Luigi a 1-up – an extra life – another chance to pass the level. Mario and Luigi can also obtain 1-ups through finding 1-up mushrooms and by collecting 100 coins.

Mario or Luigi can be hurt if the either touches an enemy. Aiding them in their quest are several power-ups. One such power-up is the Super Mushroom, which could only be found as mini Mario, caused Mario to grow; the Fire Flower, which could only be found as regular Mario, gave Mario the ability to shoot fireballs. If he takes a hit from an enemy as Super Mario or Fire Mario, he simply reverts to regular Mario and the game continues. However, if he takes a hit as regular Mario, falls down a pit (regardless of status), or if the time clock runs out, he loses a life and starts again. The point where Mario continues depends on how far he ran through the level before dying: either from the very beginning or at an invisible “checkpoint” partway through the level. There are no checkpoints in castles or in world 8, the final world. Mario can also collect a Starman and become invincible. Invincible Mario is impervious to the touch of enemy characters and most obstacles, although he will still die if he falls in a pit, falls into lava, or if time runs out.

The game consists of eight worlds with four levels in each world. Though each world is different, there are basic similarities: typically the first sub-world is a generic above-ground (overworld) level, the second is in an underground dungeon on Worlds 1 and 4 or underwater on Worlds 2 and 7 (or in the overworld with a unique challenge), the third is almost always a series of platforms suspended high in the sky, and the fourth is always a fortress or castle. The third and sixth worlds take place at night, and all other worlds take place during the day. At the end of each castle level, Mario fights “King Koopa” (who, until the final level, is actually a lesser enemy disguised as King Koopa) across a bridge over a pool of lava. In the later worlds (worlds 6 to 8), King Koopa throws hammers as well as occasional jets of fire breath. King Koopa may be defeated in one of two ways: either by touching the axe at the edge of the bridge (thereby dropping King Koopa into the lava) or, as Fiery Mario, throwing fireballs at him to defeat him directly, revealing what enemy is in disguise; this is the only method one can use to receive points for Koopa’s defeat. At the end of each world save the last, Mario is greeted with the words, “Thank you Mario! But our princess is in another castle!”, spoken by a Mushroom Retainer, which became a popular quotation among gamers.

After beating the game, the player is given the option to start the game again in “‘Hard’ Mode”, where all Goombas are replaced by Buzzy Beetles (Koopa Troopa-like enemies who cannot be killed by fireballs), and all enemies walk faster. In addition, the elevator-style lifts are about 60% their original size throughout. There are also some hazards in the earlier worlds that only appear in “Hard Mode”. For example, in World 1-3 random Bullet Bills fly across the screen, a danger that normally only appears in certain later levels.

Players may get to the beginning of any world with a relatively small amount of effort by using hidden warp zones in a number of levels. One is in level 1-2 and is reached by walking on the blocks at the top of the level passing the exit pipe. This zone allows jumping to worlds 2, 3 and 4. The other two are in 4-2; one is reached in the same manner as the one in 1-2 but this only allows access to world 5. The other is reached through a beanstalk that grows from a hidden block and takes the player into a surface area that leads to worlds 6, 7, and 8.

Final Fantasy

final_fantasyFinal Fantasy adalah seri permainan RPG konsol dan komputer yang diproduksi oleh Square Enix (sebelumnya bernama Square Co., Ltd.). Final Fantasy adalah seri permainan yang paling banyak didistribusikan sepanjang masa, termasuk permainan-permainan RPG standar untuk konsol, permainan portabel, MMORPG, permainan untuk telepon selular, tiga film produksi animasi dan dua film CGI berdurasi panjang.

Beberapa konsep dan objek pokok yang muncul di lebih dari satu judul Final Fantasy meliputi:

* Pesawat/kapal udara (airship) — Kendaraan udara besar yang biasanya menjadi alat transportasi utama untuk pemain, memungkinkan perjalanan yang cepat ke hampir seluruh bagian dunia tanpa resiko menghadapi pertarungan acak. Dalam banyak permainan, khususnya Final Fantasy IV dan Final Fantasy IX, kehadiran pesawat merupakan komponen kunci dalam ceritanya sendiri. Pada sebagian besar judul, pesawat memiliki bentuk seperti perahu layar yang melayang dengan beberapa set baling-baling, menggantikan layar yang umumnya terdapat pada kapal layar. Namun pada beberapa permainan yang lebih kini mereka tampak lebih canggih, terlihat seperti zeppelin atau bahkan pesawat luar angkasa dengan dekoratif yang tinggi. Saat pemain bisa mengendalikan pesawat dan terbang bebas, peta dunia dalam permainan akan melipat secara horizontal dan vertikal, mengindikasikan bentuk planet yang bundar, walaupun bentuk yang lebih tepat untuk peta di permainan ini adalah torus.

* Kelas karakter dan sistem Peran — Kelas karakter yang dapat dimainkan meliputi Petarung; Penyihir Putih, Hitam, Merah dan Biru; Pendeta; dan Pencuri. Bahkan pada permainan di mana pemain tidak memiliki opsi untuk memilih kelas untuk karakternya, kelas tetap memiliki peran penting dalam latar belakang cerita. Selain itu, beberapa judul (Final Fantasy III, Final Fantasy V, Final Fantasy XI, Final Fantasy Tactics dan Final Fantasy Tactics Advance) menggunakan sebuah sistem “Peran” di mana pemain dapat mengubah kelas karakter antara tiap pertarungan. Dalam Final Fantasy X-2, sistem Dressphere bahkan memungkinkan penggantian peran karakter langsung di tengah pertarungan. Sebagai tambahan, beberapa sihir dan senjata legendaris dapat diberikan pada kelas tertentu, seperti pedang Masamune untuk kelas Ninja, atau sihir Ultima untuk Penyihir Hitam. Dalam Final Fantasy IX, tiap karakter mencerminkan peran dari judul-judul Final Fantasy sebelumnya, seperti Zidane Tribal yang bekerja sebagai pencuri dan Freya Crescent yang penampilannya mirip dengan Penyihir Merah sementara keahliannya jelas diturunkan dari kelas Dragoon.

* Nama karakter — Seorang karakter bernama “Cid” selalu hadir dalam tiap permainan Final Fantasy sejak Final Fantasy II (dan disinggung secara singkat di Final Fantasy Origins dan Final Fantasy I & II: Dawn of Souls). Walau ia tidak pernah menjadi individu yang sama, ia biasanya dihadirkan sebagai pemilik, pembuat dan atau pilot untuk sebuah pesawat. Film Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within juga menampilkan seorang karakter bernama “Sid”, sebuah ejaan lain untuk nama “Cid” yang lebih umum. Dalam bentuk yang serupa, karakter-karakter bernama Biggs dan Wedge (penghormatan untuk karakter-karakter Star Wars Biggs Darklighter dan Wedge Antilles) muncul dalam Final Fantasy VI sampai Final Fantasy X-2. Nama-nama yang diulang di antaranya adalah Hilda (FFII, FFIX dan FFXI), Gogo (FFV dan FFVI), Gilgamesh (FFV, FFVIII, FFIX, FFXI dan FFXIII), Lonewolf dan Pickpocket (FFV dan FFVI) dan Sara (FF, FFIII, FFV dan FFIX). Nama Cecil (FFIV) juga diulang dalam petualangan GameCube, Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles. Nama belakanag Highwind juga digunakan berulang kali oleh beberapa karakter dalam seri FF; Richard Highwind (FFII), Kain Highwind (FFIV), King Alexander Highwind Tycoon (FFV) dan Cid Highwind (FFVII). Nama Highwind sebenarnya merupakan nama belakang untuk setiap karakter berkelas Dragoon (petarung bertombak). Tergantung aksi pemain, Highwind juga dapat muncul sebagai nama Gummi Ship dalam permainan persilangan Final Fantasy-Disney Kingdom Hearts.

* Cerita latar dan perkembangan karakter yang kompleks — Sepanjang cerita dalam banyak judul pada seri Final Fantasy, karakter-karakter utamanya akan tumbuh dan berkembang seiring permainan. Seringkali hubungan antar beberapa karakter juga berubah seiring waktu. Waktu yang cukup banyak juga sengaja dipakai untuk menjelaskan sejarah dan latar belakang banyak karakternya. Tiap karakter memiliki kepribadiannya masing-masing, daripada secara penuh dikendalikan oleh pemain. Hasilnya, banyak penggemar menjadi terikat pada karakter-karakter tertentu, merasa gembira saat semua berjalan baik dan merasa sedih saat kejadian buruk terjadi. Seringkali perkembangan dari karakter menjadi sumber beberapa humor dan drama yang ditanamkan ke dalam permainan.

* Makhluk/monster — Makhluk-makhluk fiksi seperti Chocobo dan Moogle telah muncul pada banyak permainan dalam seri Final Fantasy. Monster-monster tertentu juga sering hadir, termasuk Goblin, Tonberry dan Cactuar. Terakhir, monster-monster yang dipanggil (juga dikenal dengan Esper, Guardian Force, Eidolon, Avatar atau Aeon) seperti Bahamut, Shiva, Ifrit dan Leviathan telah muncul dalam hampir setiap judul dalam seri walau Leviathan pernah digantikan oleh paus raksasa bernama Bismarck. Ramuh adalah makhluk panggilan Petir/Kilat yang hampir selalu ada walau dalam serial Final Fantasy selanjutnya ia sering digantikan oleh makhluk lainnya (dalam FFVIII ia digantikan oleh makhluk panggilan jenis burung bernama Quezacotl. Dalam FFX ia juga digantikan oleh makhluk sejenis unicorn bernama Ixion).

* Jenis sihir — Sihir dalam seri Final Fantasy umumnya dibagi menjadi beberapa kelas yang dinamai dengan warna-warna tertentu. Sihir Putih dan sihir Hitam masing-masing mewakili penyembuhan/pendukung dan sihir menyerang, sementara sihir Merah mengandung baik elemen penyembuh dan juga menyerang, dengan keefektifan yang lebih kecil. Tambahan lainnya terdiri dari sihir Biru (kadang disebut dengan Lore atau kemampuan Musuh), yang mengandung serangan khusus yang dipelajari dari musuh, dan sihir Ruang/Waktu, yang mengandung kemampuan mengubah status seperti Haste, serta sihir gravitasi seperti Demi. Sihir yang berfungsi untuk membantu atau memberi penyakit pada musuh kini dinamakan Sihir Hijau, yang pertama kali ditampilkan pada kelas Oracle dalam Final Fantasy Tactics dan pada Arcana dalam Final Fantasy X-2, kemudian sebagai jenis sihir yang benar-benar terpisah dalam demo Final Fantasy XII. Sihir Hijau memperkenalkan kemampuan yang dulunya diklasifikasikan sebagai sihir Hitam atau Putih, seperti Darkness dan Petrification.

* Elemen-elemen alur cerita — Cerita dalam Final Fantasy banyak berkisar seputar alur cerita yang mirip, seperti pemberontakan terhadap penguasa ekonomi, politik atau agama, perseteruan melawan kejatahan yang mengancam untuk mengambil alih atau menghancurkan dunia, atau alam melawan teknologi. Hubungan cinta antar karakter, mulai dari Cecil Harvey dan Rosa Farrell di Final Fantasy IV sampai Tidus dan Yuna di Final Fantasy X, serta kematian dari karakter-karakter utama (yang kadang juga dapat dimainkan), juga menyusun alur cerita. Salah satu hal paling populer yang sering diulang adalah tema mengenai kristal-kristal elemen, yang muncul di lebih dari separuh judul dalam seri Final Fantasy (FF, FFII, FFIII, FFIV, FFV, FFVII, FFIX, FFXI dan FFXIII), juga dalam beberapa judul pecahan (FF Mystic Quest, FF Tactics Advance dan FF: Crystal Chronicles).

* Penawar dan luka status — Karakter-karakter dalam permainan Final Fantasy biasanya rentan terhadap sejumlah “luka status” yang menyebabkan efek-efek berbahaya, termasuk di antaranya bisu, racun, kekakuan dan kebingungan. Walau hal ini juga terdapat pada banyak RPG konsol lainnya, Final Fantasy memiliki daftar barang standar yang dapat digunakan sebagai penawar luka-luka tertentu, seperti “Layar Gema” untuk menyembuhkan bisu dan “Pelembut” (kadang dinamai “Jarum Emas”–benda “Pelembut” sendiri memiliki animasi berupa jarum emas) untuk menyembuhkan kekakuan, juga ilmu-ilmu sihir seperti Esuna atau Panacea.